BARRIER METHODS

Barrier methods   

Barrier methods prevent the sperm from gaining access to the upper reproductive tract and making contact with the egg. These methods or type of family planning in nigeria include
  • condoms, 
  • spermicides, 
  • diaphragms,
  • cervical caps. 















Whereas condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps are mechanical barriers, spermicides are chemicals that interfere with the movement of the sperm and its ability to fertilise the egg.Currently in Nigeria, the use of diaphragms, cervical caps, andspermicides is negligible. As a result, the main focus in this page of the Famiy Planning Guidelines is on male and female condoms.





Advantages of  Barrier Method of contraceptions   

  • Some barrier methods keeps sperm and any disease organisms in semen out of the vagina;
  • Some barrier methods prevent any disease organisms in the vagina from entering the penis.
  • Another advantage of barrier methods is that,with the exception of the male condom, all the barrier methods are controlled by women, and almost every woman can use them.
  • Barrier methods  or type of family planning can be used without restriction 

Advantages of Condoms

  • Condoms offer contraception only when needed
  • Condoms are easy to obtain and can be used without seeing a health care provider.
  • With consistent and proper use, they are highly effective protection against STIs, including HIV/AIDS.
  • Condoms reduce the risk of cervical cancer.
  • Condoms prevent premature ejaculation• Almost every man is eligible to use a condom.
  • Condoms are easy to use with a little practice.
  • There is no health risk associated with this method.
  • Condoms do not interfere with the act of intercourse, as do the
    foaming tablets

Limitations of Condoms

  • Some limitations of condoms are the following:
  • A new condom must be worn for each act of sexual intercourse.
  • Condoms have a higher failure rate if used inconsistently or incorrectly.
  • Condoms might reduce sensitivity.
  • Condoms might cause itching for a few people who are allergic to latex.
  • Condoms are user-dependent.
  • Condoms are affected by heat, light, and humidity.
  • NOTE
  • Male condoms should not be used with petroleum products and oils, which lead to rapid degeneration and could reduce their effectiveness in preventing pregnancy and protection against STI, including HIV/AIDS.

Female Condom   

The female condom is made of thin, transparent soft plastic(polyurethane).

Advantages and Benefis of female Condom  

Contraceptive Benefits

  • They are effective if used consistently and correctly. The effectiveness of the female condom is slightly less than the male condom. The failure rate is about 5 percent in perfect use, and 21 percent in typical use.
  • They offer contraception only when needed.
  • Condoms can be used without seeing a health care provide

Other Benefits  

  • With consistent and proper use, condoms are highly effective protection against STIs, including HIV/AIDS.
  • They protect against PID. 
  • The woman can control this method.
  • Almost every woman is eligible to use this method.
  • It can be inserted eight hours before an anticipated sexual act.
  • There is no need to see a health care provider before use

Limitations of Female Condoms

  • Condom must be inserted before sexual intercourse (although they can be inserted in advance—as much as eight hours).
  • Female condoms are expensive.
  • A condom can be used only once—it cannot be reused


END BARRIER FAMILY PLANNING AND CONTRACEPTIVE NIGERIA

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